around the head of the 68-mile-long Oslofjord, Oslo is probably the most
spacious city in the world. Its 175-square-mile metropolitan area
consists of over 75 percent forests and five percent water. Its fine
deep harbor, Pipervika, stretches into the heart of the city and from it
leave ferries to Denmark and Germany.
Lefse is to any Norwegian what a tortilla is to any
Mexican–a staple of life. It was something grandmothers made for
their families during the holidays.
In Norway women would travel from house to house spending three or
four days baking to a year's supply of lefse for the
household, working over an open fire and by lantern light into the
evening. When they finished, they stacked the rounds in barrels.
They also stored the rounds in kistes or sea chests or in
steamer trunks for fishermen who were packing provisions for long
sea voyages. To wash down the lefse, people often brewed homemade
beer in the same shed.
Every year about 95 000 people die in
Sweden and, according to the law, everyone must be buried. There must be
room for everyone in the cemeteries, therefore the future needs of space
have to be predicted. Because of this funerals must be part of the
the early Middle Ages, driven by famine at home and the promise of
wealth to be had in other lands, the Vikings set out from Scandinavia to
conquer parts of England, Ireland, France, Russia, and even Turkey.
Bolstered by their successes, the Vikings pushed westward, eventually
crossing the North Atlantic and founding settlements in Iceland,
Greenland, and Newfoundland in Canada. Read
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